DSLR Setting

Understanding the Histogram

Understanding the Histogram

Histogram can be your best friend in Digital Photography.

Do you use and refer to the Histogram in your digital camera or editing software such as Photoshop or Lightroom? Understanding the role of the Histogram in digital photography is very important and can help you make a perfect exposure.

Generally speaking, the Histogram shows you the tonality of light captured in an image. In this article, I am going to talk about the Luminosity Histogram, not the RGB Histogram. By understanding the information in the Histogram, you can easily modify the exposure to make a perfect shot.

Histogram

As you can see in the image above, the left side of the Histogram is pure Black, and the right side is pure White. The vertical axis shows the number of pixels. By studying the Histogram in this example, I know that most of the pixels are used for highlight areas with a few in Dark Grey and Black, resulting in overexposure like the image below.

Histogram in Over exposed photo

The Histogram in Overexposed photo

Or it can be a High Key image like this one.

By understanding the Histogram you can take better High key photos

By understanding the Histogram, you can take better High key photos

There is no such thing as a perfect Histogram. You should compare the Histogram with the scene and find out if your main subject is within the histogram range. For instance, try to understand how this Histogram would look like a photographic scene.

Histogram shows that the majority of pixels are in dark grey tones

The Histogram shows that the majority of pixels are in dark grey tones

Next, look at the image and compare it with the Histogram

Although majority of pixels are in dark grey tones, the Histogram tells you it is a correct exposure for this scene

Although the majority of pixels are in dark grey tones, the Histogram tells you it is a correct exposure for this scene

Now, look at this Histogram.

Histogram shows that the majority of pixels are in dark grey tones

In this image, the majority of pixels are in dark grey tones

Although it looks pretty similar to the previous Histogram, you understand that it is under-exposed when you compare it with the scene.

This Histogram shows you that the majority of pixels are in black and dark grey

This Histogram shows you that the majority of pixels are in black and dark grey.

Understanding Histogram is not tricky. It just takes practice to become familiar with the information it provides.

In our upcoming Photography BootcampI will cover this topic in-depth with more tips that you can put into action to learn one of the most powerful tools in digital photography. Understanding Histogram is like finding a best friend inside your digital camera – one which gives you instant and accurate feedback every single time!

Our next Bootcamp starts on February 3, 2022. It is a six-week program and has two field trips.

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Histogram

That is all for now. Stay tuned for my next photography Tips. We love to hear from you. Let us know if you have any questions; feel free to send us your questions, and we will be more than happy to answer them. Follow us on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter for more Free Tutorials and Tips.

Ted and the Omnilargess Team

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Quick Camera Tip: OFF-CENTRE COMPOSITION

Tips for Shooting Off-centre Composition

Should you place your main subject in the centre of the frame or off-centre composition?

There is no right or wrong answer to this question. It all depends on your style and desire. However, many advanced photographers believe that the off-centre composition makes Dynamic photos and placing the subject in the centre of the frame creates Static images.

The following tips help you shooting off-centre effortlessly. 

Off-centre Composition

Off-centre composition
Off-centre composition creates dynamic photos.

1- Focus Lock

If you shoot off-centre occasionally, Focus Lock is the best choice. Set the camera’s focusing mode to “Single Shot” while the focusing point is in the centre of the frame. 

Press the shutter button halfway to activate Autofocus. Hold down the shutter button to lock the focus and recompose to place the subject off-centre.

2- Change the Focusing Point

If you are like me and often shoot off-centre, set the focusing point to the right or left of the frame. So, your camera will always focus off-centre. 

Make sure that you know where the focusing point is.

Centre Composition

off-centre composition
Centre composition creates static images

Off-centre Composition

off-centre composition
Same image as above but off-centre composition.

Do You Want to Learn More?

Omnilargess Photography workshops focus on many simple yet crucial settings for photography.

There are more in-camera setup skills that I discuss in our Bootcamp program. The next Bootcamp starts on September 16, 2021. Digital Photography Bootcamp is one of our most popular photography courses. It consists of six classroom sessions and two field trips. It is all hands-on, which makes learning FUN!


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That is all for now. Stay tuned for my next photography Tips. We love to hear from you. Let us know if you have any questions, feel free to send us your questions, and we will be more than happy to answer them. Follow us on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter for more Free Tutorials and Tips.

Ted and the Omnilargess Team

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The Great Camera Debate 1

The Great Camera Debate, Part 1  

Which Camera is the Best?

All camera manufacturers claim that they make the best camera. But really, which camera is the best? It often depends on who you ask! In this article, I will shed some light on the topic of the excellent camera debate.

Which camera is ‘the perfect camera’?

The great camera debate

Which camera is the best? Big question!!

There is no such a thing as a ‘perfect camera.’ It comes down to the type of photography you do, your level of experience, and many other variables.

Before getting into this topic, I should make it clear I will not rate the manufacturers in any way. I want to share my experience with different camera groups and classes. As an instructor, I have had the privilege of working with various digital cameras. What I can say with 100% certainty is each camera has some pros and cons. As the saying goes: ‘One man’s trash is another man’s treasure’ and a pro or plus for me in one camera might be a con or negative for another photographer. It is the main reason why I will not judge the cameras; I believe it’s more important to have an excellent working knowledge of the menu system and settings specific to your type of camera. It helps when you understand the strengths and weaknesses of the tool you are using.

Establishing parameters of digital camera types

To start with, we need to organize the different types of digital cameras into groups. Just as we wouldn’t compare a Smart Car to a full-size SUV, I’ve classified camera types according to their size from small to large and into one of two groups for having either a fixed (permanently attached) or an interchangeable (removable) lens.

Fixed lens digital cameras

In this class/group, we have digital cameras with one attached lens, appropriately named because you cannot change the lenses, although some of these cameras come with long telephoto lenses (10X or more Optical Zoom).

1- Point and Shoot Cameras:

These cameras are usually small in size, with no interchangeable lens and very few accessories available for this category. Smartphones are in this class. Usually, you aim and shoot with no control over the camera’s settings or a minimal amount of controls. Point and shoot cameras are great for travelling and snapshots. They produce a decent picture in normal light conditions, but the results are often not as good when it is too bright or too dark. With a point-and-shoot camera, you are somewhat limited creatively because the camera makes most of your decisions.

The great camera debate

There are several different point-and-shoot cameras, even waterproof ones.

2- Compact digital cameras

These cameras are similar to the point-and-shoot cameras, with the advantage of having some controls for the settings, such as shutter speed, aperture, ISO, White Balance, etc. Some of these cameras are even capable of shooting RAW files. The image quality is usually far better than a point-and-shoot camera. However, the picture quality of these cameras can be less than ideal in low light or a too bright scene due to the small sensor size. Overall, the compact digital camera is my choice of small size camera because of improved image quality and various controls, which give me more creative options.

The great camera debate

Compact digital camera with lots of controls


The great camera debate

The above photo shows a compact digital camera with lots of optical zoom power.


The great camera debate

Here is a picture of a fixed lens compact camera

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Beginners Photography Bootcamp High Street Office
  • February 2, 2023 6:00 pm
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Vancouver Skyline at Night Totem Poles at Brockton Point
  • February 18, 2023 5:00 pm
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Nitobe Garden Photo Walk Nitobe Garden
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Digital Camera Crash Course 2023 High Street Office
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Beginners Photography Class, Summer Bootcamp High Street Office
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Landscape Photography Workshop Maple Ridge Dyke
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LEARN PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY High Street Office
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Chasing Shadows High Street Office
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Youth Summer Photography Program High Street Office
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TOFINO BC PHOTO TOUR Tofino, BC
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That is all for now. Stay tuned for my next photography Tips. We love to hear from you. Let us know if you have any questions; feel free to send us your questions, and we will be more than happy to answer them. Follow us on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter for more Free Tutorials and Tips.

Ted and the Omnilargess Team

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Controlling The Depth Of Field

Add Creativity To Photos By Controlling The Depth Of Field 

Exposure is the main key in Photography and Aperture is one of the main controls in photography. As you know we can set our exposure by using Shutter speed, ISO, and Aperture. But controlling exposure is not the only important performance of the aperture. Another significant role is controlling the Depth Of Field.

In this article I discuss how by controlling the Depth Of Field, you can add more story to your photographs.

Depth Of Field

Christmas Photography tip
Shallow Depth Of Field reduces the focusing area to your main subject.

Depth Of Field

Christmas Photography Tip
Increase the focusing area by using a higher f Stop. The whole scene is in focusing range.

By controlling the Depth Of Field you can eliminate unwanted elements from the scene, as you can see in above images.

What is the Depth Of Field

I found the best description for depth of field in Wikipedia:

“In optics, particularly as it relates to film and photography, depth of field (DOF) is the distance between the nearest and farthest objects in a scene that appear acceptably sharp in an image. Although a lens can precisely focus at only one distance at a time, the decrease in sharpness is gradual on each side of the focused distance, so that within the DOF, the unsharpness is imperceptible under normal viewing conditions.

In some cases, it may be desirable to have the entire image sharp, and a large DOF is appropriate. In other cases, a small DOF may be more effective, emphasizing the subject while de-emphasizing the foreground and background.”

Does it sound too Complicated?

Although it may seem complicated, in real life application it is not. As a rule of thumb the higher f-stops (higher the number) give greater Depth Of Field, with more of the scene appearing to be in focus in your photo. And vise versa, a lower f-stop results in a smaller (shallow) Depth Of Field, with only one sharp and focused point in the image.

There are several other rules which apply to depth of field, such as lens focal length and the size of your media (sensor or film), which I will discuss in a different article.

In following images I set the camera on a tripod, and shot the photos in three different Aperture. You can see the how opening up the aperture changed the focusing range.

Aperture f16

the focusing point was on the front of the car, using f16 brought more items in focus.
the focusing point was on the front of the car, using f16 brought more items in focus.

Aperture f5.6

By opening up the aperture to f5.6, the whole car is in focus and the other elements are out of focus.
By opening up the aperture to f5.6, the whole car is in focus and the other elements are out of focus.

Aperture f1.8

At f1.8 only the front of the car is in focus and the rest of the scene, even the back of the car are out of focus.
At f1.8 only the front of the car is in focus and the rest of the scene, even the back of the car are out of focus.

Let’s take a closer look at these images by zooming closer. Click on thumbnail to see larger size image.

Now you have it! The higher f-Stop the more distances in focus and the lower f-Stop the fewer distance. In next articles I will cover some important tips on how controlling the Depth Of Field can enhance the pictures.

That is all for now. We love to hear from you. Let us know if you have any questions, feel free to send  us your questions and we will be more than happy to answer them. Follow us on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter for more Free Tutorials and Tips.

Ted and the Omnilargess Team

Omnilargess Photography Classes

List of Upcoming workshops

Search:

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Beginners Photography Bootcamp High Street Office
  • February 2, 2023 6:00 pm
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Vancouver Skyline at Night Totem Poles at Brockton Point
  • February 18, 2023 5:00 pm
Register
Nitobe Garden Photo Walk Nitobe Garden
  • April 22, 2023 10:00 am
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Digital Camera Crash Course 2023 High Street Office
  • April 29, 2023 9:30 am
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Beginners Photography Class, Summer Bootcamp High Street Office
  • May 4, 2023 6:00 pm
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LAC DU BOIS PHOTO TOUR Lac du Bois, British Columbia
  • May 5, 2023 4:00 pm
Register
Landscape Photography Workshop Maple Ridge Dyke
  • May 13, 2023 8:00 am
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LEARN PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY High Street Office
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Chasing Shadows High Street Office
  • June 17, 2023 9:00 am
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Youth Summer Photography Program High Street Office
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TOFINO BC PHOTO TOUR Tofino, BC
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Fireworks Photography Tips

Take amazing photos by using these Fireworks Photography Tips

Fireworks displays are magical and beautiful. They usually awaken happy and unforgettable memories and that is probably why one of the most asked questions in my workshops is about the tips in Firework Photography.

But in order to be successful in sealing those moments, you will need some specific equipment accompanied by smart techniques.

In this short article I am going to share my favorite techniques. Feel free to share your techniques with us as well.

Happy 150 Canada Day and enjoy Firework Photography this weekend!

Firework Photography Techniques

18---Library-lamp-light-halo

Firework Photography Techniques and equipment

I always follow the list below to assure success:

Use a tripod

Due to using a long exposure, you will need a steady tripod to avoid any kind of vibrations while working on taking awesome shots.

Use a cable release or wireless remote to trigger the shutter

Even when you touch the shutter release, there is a chance of movement. Using a cable release or remote can reduce this risk. If you don’t have a cable release or remote, try to use the self-timer of your camera to minimize the problem.

Use the highest file resolution

The higher resolution format provides smoother and sharper images.

Set the camera to lowest ISO

As you know the high ISO can generate lots of digital noise. So what is the solution here? Setting the camera to its lowest ISO will help in avoiding any extra noise.

Turn on Long Exposure Noise Reduction

In almost all digital cameras you can turn on Long Exposure Noise Reduction. It means that your camera’s processor detects the native digital noise and removes it.

Keep the horizon straight

One thing that you should always consider when lining up fireworks shots is whether your camera is even/straight in it’s framing. This is especially important if you’re going to shooting with a wide focal length and will get other background elements in your shots (such as a cityscape). Keeping horizons straight is something we covered previously on this site and is important in fireworks shots also. As you get your camera on your tripod make sure it’s levelled right from the time you set it up.

Firework Photography

Firework photography
Firework Photography Techniques are simple.

Best Camera Exposure Mode for Fireworks Photography

Instead of choosing a shutter priority, set the camera to Bulb (B), which allows you to keep the shutter open as long as you wish. Expose for the entire fireworks burst. You can even keep the shutter open for multiple bursts.

Aperture f11 usually works the best as it provides enough depth of field and sharpness.

Turn off the autofocus, and manually focus your lens at infinity.

That is all for now. I leave you with some practical tips, which make you ready to take amazing Firework pictures this Canada day.

Stay tuned for more tips. Happy Canada Day

Ted and the Omnilargess Team

Firework Photography

Use Manual Exposure for Firework Photography
Use Manual Exposure for Firework Photography

Omnilargess Photography Classes

Canada Day Promotion

Check the list of Omnilargess Upcoming Photography Classes here and use the promo code “HAPPYCANADA150” and receive 15% discount on registration fee till July 7th.

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Exposure| Beginners Digital Camera Class

Beginners Digital Camera Class Exposure Edition

Unleash the power of your digital Camera

Beginners Digital Camera class is a two part workshop and you learn about your camera settings and controls. Each part is Two hours with theory and hands on.
In this four hour class you will explore the hidden functions of your Digital camera and learn about Shutter speed, Aperture, ISO, White Balance, and more. This workshop is primarily intended for photographers using digital SLR cameras, but many Manual capable digital compact cameras are also suitable. Each participant is expected to bring a digital camera with a fully charged battery and memory card(s)

Beginners Digital Camera Class

Exposure is the most important setting in photography. Beginners Digital camera Class covers exposure in details.

Part one Classroom session on Saturday February 18th 2017 from 10:00 am to 12:00 pm

In this 2 hour session you will learn the Digital camera’s terminology, Menu, Functionality such as: Shutter Speed, Aperture Value, ISO, White Balance, and much more.

Part two Hands on and practical session on Saturday February 18th 2017 from 1:00pm to 3:00 pm

This session is fully hands on and you practice with different settings such as , Auto Focusing, Lens Focal Length, Hidden functions, and much more. You will explore the differences in file format and tips on how to make better images using your creativity.

This workshop is developed for beginners and we will cover all the important functions of your camera. Please bring your camera, fully charged battery, and Memory card. We are going to try and test almost all the different settings and scenarios that the average person would encounter when taking photos. After taking this photography class you won’t use the AUTO mode any more and you will see significant improvement in your daily photography.

We offer variety of beginners to advanced photography workshops. Please visit our UPCOMING CLASSES and check all the workshops.

Ted and the Omnilargess Team


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Field Photography Manual Shooting

Field Photography Manual Shooting

Two part workshop for capturing better photos 

Spring is almost here with exciting opportunities to photograph the most amazing scene. Field Photography, especially in Spring, needs specific know-how techniques. Manual Shooting in Field Photography is scheduled for March 11th  and all camera makes and models are welcome.

This is a four hour workshop in outdoor. You will learn how Manual shooting creates better pictures and how to set your camera for different light conditions, how to use correct metering mode, and the most important things, how to find the location and compose a photo.

Field Photography needs special techniques to control the exposure. Manual shooting helps photographers to stay focus on their composition

The Manual Shooting in Field Photography is completely hands on. We are going to walk around the field and apply manual shooting techniques in practical ways. It is a full four hour outdoor photography adventure with plenty of time to interact with your instructor and learn specific photography tips.

What is covered in Manual Shooting workshop?

We cover how to set the Shutter Speed, Aperture, and ISO for correct exposure, we also cover different metering modes, Custom White Balance, and how to check the exposure using Histogram. You will also learn how to use basic Rules of Composition to create more dynamic effects and fabulous pictures.

Manual Shooting

Set the exposure in Manual shooting and start looking for your subject and have peace of mind that the foreground or background won’t change the exposure.

Pre-requisite:

Must have basic knowledge of photography. Feel free to contact us if you have more questions. Check our Upcoming Classes for more Photography workshops.

Date: March 11th from 10:00 am to 3:30 pm

Location: Omnilargess Office 209B-32900 South Fraser Way (Seven Oaks Shopping Centre), Abbotsford, BC


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Set your camera for Fall outdoor photography

Fall Outdoor Photography Class 

Two part workshop for capturing better photos 

Autumn is here with exciting opportunities to photograph the colourful images of fall. Fall is photographers favourite season because of the light, the vibrant colours and being out in the fresh outdoor air. Taking photos outdoors, especially in autumn, needs specific know-how techniques. One of the most important techniques is EXPOSURE. Exposure can be controlled by Shutter Speed, Aperture and ISO. For taking pictures outdoor you also need to know how to select different Exposure metering, such as Spot Vs Centre Vs Matrix/Evaluative.  Fall Outdoor Photography Class is scheduled for November 12 and all camera makes and models are welcome.

This is a five hour workshop in outdoor. You will learn how to set your camera for different light conditions, how to use correct metering mode, and the most important things, how to find the location and compose a photo.

The Fall Outdoor Photography Class is completely HANDS ON. We are going to walk around the field and apply these techniques in practical ways. It is a full five hour outdoor photography adventure with plenty of time to interact with your instructor and learn specific photography tips.

Come to outdoor photography class and learn how to the exposure for capturing outstanding Fall colours

Come to Fall outdoor photography class and learn how to the exposure for capturing outstanding Fall colours

In above picture I used Matrix/Evaluative metering mode to set the exposure for over all scene. Composition is another key factor for creating outstanding images.

Outdoor photography class

Simplicity is one the major rules of composition for outdoor photography techniques

Come and join us for Fall Outdoor Photography Class and learn more about these easy yet powerful techniques. There are only few more spots left. Register today to secure your spot or visit our UPCOMING CLASSE for more amazing workshops.

Ted and the Omnilargess Team


 

 

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