Photography Tutorials and Articles

Exploring The Exposure Modes

Exploring Exposure Modes

In the previous article, I discussed different exposure modes which are Fully Automatic (Auto and P), Semi-Automatic such as TV/S (Shutter Priority) or AV/A (Aperture Priority), and M (Fully Manual). Therefore, it is time for Exploring the Exposure modes and find out how and when to use them.

Generally speaking, Full Automatic modes are not the best. The camera does not have a brain. Therefore, it does not have a clue what your main subject is. The camera manufacturers program a camera to use a safe shutter speed and the widest open aperture. These settings provide an overall exposure for normal situation. What if your subject is running fast and you want to freeze the movement? The Camera does not know that! Then you ended up with a blurry photo.

Auto Vs Program

There are some differences between Auto and program. One of the most annoying things about fully automatic is that the camera blocks you from changing the default settings. Here is a photo from a Canon camera in Auto Mode:

Auto Mode in Canon Camera

Auto Exposure Mode in Canon Cameras
Auto Exposure Mode in Canon Cameras

Clearly, in auto mode you don’t have any control over many settings, although most of them are important settings. In auto mode you can control the file format, the file size, and Drive mode, that is it! You cannot change the ISO, Shutter Speed, Aperture, White Balance, Metering Mode, and not even the Picture Style. They are all controlled by the camera. That is so frustrating. Especially, when the camera can create a perfect exposure or colour.

Program Mode in Canon Cameras

Exposure mode
In Program mode you have access to almost all the settings.

Program is another fully automatic setting in cameras. However, you have access to almost all the features. The above picture shows you that in program mode, the camera does not make any restrictions for you.

In the Digital Photography Bootcamp, I cover these differences in great details with more slides and students get the assignments to practice on these features. Our next bootcamp program starts June 5th, and tickets are selling fast.

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That is all for now. Stay tuned for my next photography Tips. We love to hear from you. Let us know if you have any questions, feel free to send  us your questions and we will be more than happy to answer them. Follow us on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter for more Free Tutorials and Tips.

Ted and the Omnilargess Team