Photography Tutorials and Articles

Tiff File

What is a Tiff File?

Recently, I discussed Raw files vs Jpg files. Shortly after, I started to receive many questions regarding the Tiff File. So, I decided to write a post about the Tiff file and explain it a bit more.

Tiff Format Definition:

Tiff file is another digital format for raster graphics and images. Apparently, TIFF or TIF stands for Tagged Image Format File, and it is popular among Graphic Artists, Publishing Industry and photographer. 

What is the advantage of a Tiff File?

Here is what Wiki Pedia explains the Tiff File:

“TIFF is a flexible, adaptable file format for handling images and data within a single file, by including the header tags (size, definition, image-data arrangement, applied image compression) defining the image’s geometry. A TIFF file, for example, can be a container holding JPEG (lossy) and PackBits (lossless) compressed images. A TIFF file also can include a vector-based clipping path (outlines, croppings, image frames). The ability to store image data in a lossless format makes a TIFF file a useful image archive, because, unlike standard JPEG files, a TIFF file using lossless compression (or none) may be edited and re-saved without losing image quality. This is not the case when using the TIFF as a container holding compressed JPEG. Other TIFF options are layers and pages.

TIFF offers the option of using LZW compression, a lossless data-compression technique for reducing a file’s size. The use of this option was limited by patents on the LZW technique until their expiration in 2004.”

This explanation causes more questions than answers, doesn’t it?

Therefore, allow me to describe it more commonly. 

As you know, a computer needs a specific program to be able to read a file. Pcs cannot show a file if they don’t understand the format.

Therefore, a Tiff file is a container, which means it has two separate parts. For instance, when you save an image as Tiff format, it contains your actual image plus the container, which enables the computer to read and write on your image file.

Why using Tiff File?

Previously, I described the Jpg Files and the Raw Files. Please refer to those articles for more information. Just as a recap, a Raw file is a large file, but needs post-processing to be available for display or print. On the other hand, when you save images in Jpg format, you compress them to a smaller version, but make them available for different uses. That is the sacrifice you need to make! 

However, if you need to maintain the data as well as make the files available for various computers, you need to save them as a Tiff File. Thus, the file size increases substantially due to the Tiff Container feature. 

Let’s look into some photos and pay attention to the file size:

Raw File

Tiff File
This is the original Raw file right out of the camera. Notice the file size.

This is the Raw format. Therefore, it has the original resolution of the camera sensor.

Secondly, let’s look into the original size Jpg:

Jpg File

Tiff file
By shooting in Jpg, your camera compresses the file to a smaller file.

Notice how the file size got smaller!

And last but not least, let’s take a look into a Tiff file:

Tiff File

Tiff File
Notice the file size of the same image. Tiff files are large.

Clearly, the file size is significantly more than the original Raw data.
Generally speaking, whenever you need to maintain the data of an image, but make it useable in different computers, you should save the photo in Tiff format.
On the other hand, If you want to go back and do more editing or retouching, without opening the Raw file. Then again, save the picture in the Tiff format.
Finally, I always discuss the file formats in my workshops, as I honestly believe that all photographers should know the basics of “Image Formats.”

Omnilargess Photography Classes are Fun

We offer many photography workshops for all levels, Digital Photography Bootcamp and Full-day Photography Class. Both workshops are for beginners. 

The Bootcamp is a complete photography class. It is a seven-week workshop and includes two field trips.

The Full-day Photography class is another popular program. Part one is the classroom session, and part two is a field trip.

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Beginners Spring Photography Classshow details + $105.00 (CAD)*  

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Small class size and hands-on sessions assist you in learning photography with fun!   

Do you want to learn more about Photography Bootcamp?

Photography Bootcamp is a six-week photography program. It includes two field trips, one for daytime and one for nighttime photography techniques. 

I dedicate a good portion of our  Digital Photography Bootcamp to discuss many hidden features of camera settings and Composition. Bootcamp is one of our most popular photography courses, where I explain the Exposure, Composition, and much more.

The next Bootcamp starts on February 19th, 2020. There are a few spots left.

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Bootcamp Schedule:

Wednesday, February 19th and 26th, 6:00-9:00 pm

Wednesday, March 4th, 11th, 18th, from 6:00-9:00 pm

Saturday, March 21st, from 9:30am-12:30pm

Wednesday, March 25th and April 1st, from 6:00-9:00 pm

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That is all for now. Stay tuned for my next photography Tips. We love to hear from you. Let us know if you have any questions, feel free to send us your questions, and we will be more than happy to answer them. Follow us on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter for more Free Tutorials and Tips.

Ted and the Omnilargess Team

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