Photography Tutorials and Articles

Utilizing Aperture

Utilizing Aperture in Photography 

Previously, I explained how to use the shutter speed to control the sharpness of moving elements in your pictures. In this post, let’s look into Utilizing Aperture in Photography. 

Scenario 2

Utilizing Aperture

Generally speaking, in some cases, photographers want to make the viewers look at a particular element in the frame. For instance, in portraits, you want to make the background and the foreground out of focus and force the viewer to look at your main subject ( the person.) You can achieve this effect by Utilizing Aperture. 

To manage the Aperture, you should select Aperture Priority or shoot in fully manual. By setting the Aperture to the lowest f-stop, photographers create a Shallow Depth Of Field, and by using the higher f-stop, they expand the focusing range. 

Question for Utilizing Aperture

Previously, I proposed a question that you should ask yourself about the moving elements in your photos and selecting a correct Shutter Speed. In this post, I offer another question that you should as yourself to determine how to manage Aperture. 

Before taking the picture, you need to ask yourself if you want everything to appear sharp in the photo (Wide Depth of Field), or just a certain distance should be in focus (Shallow Depth Of Field.)

For example, when taking a Landscape picture, usually, you want everything within the focusing range. Therefore, a higher f-stop provides the desired focusing range.

Long Depth of Field

In landscape photography, longer depth of field is more desirable, as it expands the focusing to more elements.
In landscape photography, longer depth of field is more desirable, as it expands the focusing to more elements.

On the other hand, there are times that you want a specific part (distance) to be in focus, and the rest of the picture stays out of focus. A lower f-stop provides this effect.
For instance, when shooting portraiture, Photographers plan to blur out everything in the frame but the model. Therefore, by using lower f-stop, they manage to reduce the focusing range just to the model’s distance.

Shallow Depth of Field

To Create a Shallow Depth Of Field, use lowest f-number
To Create a Shallow Depth Of Field, use lowest f-number

Shallow Depth of Field

utilizing Aperture
A shallow Depth of Field draws the viewer attention to the subject of your choice.

Long Depth of Field

utilizing aperture
Using a higher f-stop expands the focusing range.


For static scenes, you need to determine if you want all the elements in the frame in focus or just a certain distance. Accordingly, shooting in Aperture Priority or fully manual allows you to utilize Aperture; thus, you can manage the Depth of Field.

In our Bootcamp program, I cover the baselines of different shutter speeds, Aperture settings in detail.         

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